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  Modalities for formulating and implementing sustainable development strategy in Africa and Arab world

 

Abstract

  Socio-economic development is a long-term process that should be preceded by a socially agreed-upon vision identifying objectives, setting priorities and determining   the approach to be taken.

Development requires sustained efforts as well as sedulous work based on a clear, time-framed strategy that specifies the scope of projects and programs in order for the social vision to be translated into practice, something integrated with    sustainable development planning.

  Sustainable development is a concept replacing old notions indicating that development means meeting the needs of current generations and uplifting social welfare without damaging the moral and material needs of next generations.

Therefore, we should work towards preserving and promoting the available natural resources. The broadened concept of development calls for integrating the environmental dimension into the socio-economic and developmental policies.

The UNDP's fifth report indicates that Afro-Arab political systems are suffering from fragile socio-economic, political and institutional structures as well as lots of challenges. These , according to the report, include  economic insecurity, environmental imbalance, and the depletion of resources, in addition to social insecurity, which is  fueled by sectarian and ethnic disputes, among others.

The success of development plans in Africa and Arab world depends largely on the serious steps to be taken to deal with the challenges of globalization and to seize its opportunities. It is also conditioned by the existence of democratic institutions that enable Arab and African citizens take part in shaping  the future of their countries and to freely choose between available development options and the tools of achieving same on the one hand, and  thus between the burdens and expected results from  such options on the other. 

The Afro-Arab region is endowed with   massive human and natural resources, which, if exploited properly in the field of sustainable development, could see the region's peoples, live in prosperity and opulence. However, the lack of relevant strategies caused Arab and African peoples to suffer unemployment and fragile legislative and institutional structures.

There are lots of obstacles to sustainable development in Africa and Arab world, most prominent of which are the population explosion and  the exhaustion of natural resources ,  as well as the simmering  wars and conflicts that should be seriously tackled in order to push ahead with achieving the desired progress.

Perhaps, the most prominent obstacles to development are food and energy insecurity as well as the lack of funds necessary for attaining the sustainable development for which our countries are aspiring.

During the last decade of the 20th century, many world countries, including Arab and African nations, had undertaken to formulate the   sustainable development strategy in such a way that achieves the region's aspirations for developmental and economic prosperity. In so doing, they enlisted the help of competent authorities, including specialized international organizations and relevant government agencies.

Before implementing the strategy, it was necessary for the legislative councils to take part in drafting laws that ensure the execution of the blueprint by the optimal exploitation of natural resources while preserving the right of next generations to utilize same. Subsequently,  the development strategy  must be formulated by the competent government institutions while the executive apparatuses should assume the responsibility of making serious efforts to execute the scheme   and engage the community in the process.

Last but not least, the state's developmental role is to link individuals to their own national soil in order for them to interact with it within the framework of Shariah, law and order for the purpose of manufacturing their own food, drinks and clothing. To this end, the state should come up with a sound philosophy and wise planning that turn the concept of development into a real project that can be achieved through national institutions.

 

 

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